This part is what Ethan researched on starting his RAID thesis in UCB. I would say VAST Data and deployed systems like carbink in Google somehow have been widely researched and deployed. Could be Core Competitiveness.
ECC vs erasure code. detection of errors and locating the errors.
LPC or Reed Solomon or RAID6 or better erasure code that mathematically performs better, for different locations of the identification of the error and still what Azure and google are spending time researching on.
Non-crypto/ crypto is what you want to fight against malicious manipulation of your bit without leaking. The former is just anti bit-flips.